The government funds almost all print media and fully controls television and radio. For 60 years UNICEF has been the world’s chief for youngsters, working on the ground in 155 nations and territories to assist children survive and thrive, from early childhood by way of adolescence. The world’s largest supplier of vaccines for growing international locations, UNICEF helps baby well being and vitamin, good water and sanitation, quality basic education for all girls and boys, and the safety of youngsters from violence, exploitation, and AIDS. UNICEF is funded totally by the voluntary contributions of individuals, businesses, foundations and governments. UNICEF is committed to doing all it could possibly to realize the Sustainable Development Goals , in partnership with governments, civil society, enterprise, academia and the United Nations family – and especially children and younger people. Turkmenistan is ‘on track’ to fulfill two targets for maternal, infant and younger child diet . No progress has been made towards reaching the goal of decreasing anaemia amongst women of reproductive age, with 32.6% of girls aged 15 to forty nine years now affected.
Accordingly, the federal government of Turkmenistan maintains that trafficking in individuals isn’t a problem and devotes little attention and few property to the issue. However, current deteriorating social, monetary and political circumstances throughout the country contribute to trafficking circumstances and make women increasingly more susceptible. It has turn into a compulsory day by day fixture in schooling, the media, and politics, and as a result of this truth is also viewed as an expression of presidency protection. In many elementary and secondary colleges, skilled institutes, and universities, it has modified turkmenistan woman textbooks on standard subjects. President Niyazov bears appreciable duty for translating such stereotypes into official protection. Women who have been first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20-24) in Turkmenistan was reported at 5.7 % in 2016, in accordance with the World Bank assortment of development indicators, compiled from officially acknowledged sources. Turkmenistan – Women who were first married by age 18 (% of women ages 20-24) – actual values, historical information, forecasts and projections were sourced from the World Bank on January of 2021.
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In September President Berdimuhamedov signed a decree granting citizenship to 863 stateless persons. The government controlled radio and domestic tv, but satellite tv for pc dishes providing entry to international tv programming have been widespread all through the country.
The felony procedure code provides that defendants be current at their trials and consult with their attorneys in a well timed method. The court at times did not permit defendants to confront or query a witness in opposition to them and denied defendants and their attorneys entry to authorities evidence. In some circumstances, courts refused to accept exculpatory proof offered by defense attorneys, even when that evidence might need modified the result of the trial. Courts did not offer interpreters to defendants who did not speak Turkmen. There was a report of the hazing of military conscripts that resulted in five deaths. The law requires the government to protect the health and lives of members of the armed forces.
On September 17, Chronicles of Turkmenistan reported five conscripts from Mary Province died in September in Lebap Province. Drafted in June, the conscripts allegedly died from bullying and hazing.
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The report additionally states that to the Post’s data, the Government of Turkmenistan has not prosecuted any case towards TIP. No official data exist referring to the extent of trafficking in and out of Turkmenistan.
Channels together with BBC World News and the Turkmen language model of RFE/RL have been broadly obtainable via satellite tv for pc dishes. Citizens additionally received international radio programs by way of satellite tv for pc entry. Those convicted of treason faced life imprisonment and have been ineligible for pardoning, though they might obtain reductions of sentence from the president. The authorities continued to say that none of these individuals was a political prisoner. Humanitarian and human rights organizations were not permitted to go to political prisoners. The authorities permits the public to attend most trials, but it closed some, particularly these thought of politically sensitive.
There were no stories the federal government discouraged residents from contacting different worldwide organizations. While the regulation offers legal penalties for official corruption, the federal government did not implement the legislation effectively, and officers often engaged in corrupt practices with impunity. Corruption existed within the security forces and in all social and economic sectors. According to Freedom House and the World Bank’s Worldwide Governance Indicators, the nation had a severe corruption drawback. Despite a constitutional provision giving residents the flexibility to decide on their government in periodic elections based mostly on common and equal suffrage, there have been no free and fair elections within the nation. There was no bona fide political opposition to the president, and various candidates got here from derivative get together structures, such because the state-controlled Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs, or have been members of particular person initiative groups. The nation had a big inhabitants of former Soviet Union residents who turned stateless due to the breakup of the Soviet Union.
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Meanwhile, Turkmenistan is ‘on target’ for the low birth weight target, with 4.9% of infants having a low weight at birth. There is inadequate knowledge to assess the progress that Turkmenistan has made in direction of reaching the exclusive breastfeeding goal; nonetheless, the most recent prevalence information exhibits that fifty eight.three% of infants aged zero to five months are solely breastfed. Similarly, there’s inadequate information to assess the progress that Turkmenistan has made in direction of achieving the target for stunting; however, the most recent prevalence data reveals that eleven.5% of children under 5 years of age are affected. Turkmenistan is ‘on target’ for the goal for losing, with 4.2% of youngsters underneath 5 years of age affected, which is lower than the common for the Asia region (9.1%). The prevalence of overweight youngsters underneath 5 years of age is 5.9%, however there is inadequate information obtainable to evaluate whether Turkmenistan is on target to forestall the figure from growing. Foreigners face important challenges in coming into the nation, as visas are difficult to amass and non-residents are compelled to register with the police inside a variety of days of their arrival within the nation. Visitors should additionally deregister before they depart the nation or they could on no account be allowed to enter again.
Today, state officers must bear household tree checks to make sure that they’re “racially pure.”In present years, Niyazov eliminated Russian as a nationwide language of Turkmenistan. Ethnic minorities are typically fired from their jobs as a result of they can not talk Turkmen, and most of the country’s Russian faculties have been closed. In 1999, no matter a constitutional provision of a 5-yr presidential time interval, the Turkmenistan’s People’s Council elected Niyazov president for all times.
The law prohibits discrimination based mostly on nationality, race, gender, origin, language, religion, incapacity, HIV-standing or other communicable ailments, political opinions, and social status. The regulation doesn’t prohibit discrimination based on age, sexual orientation, or gender identification. The law prohibits home violence, including spousal abuse, via provisions in the legal code that tackle intentional infliction of harm. Penalties range from fines to fifteen years in jail, based on the extent of the harm, although enforcement of the law various. Anecdotal reports indicated domestic violence in opposition to women was common; most victims of domestic violence stored silent because they had been unaware of their rights or feared increased violence from husbands and family members.
As famous beforehand, the one group that the government identifies in its report as an NGO devoted to women is the Union of Women – Gurbansultan-Eje. That group, like the other “necessary social associations” highlighted within the report, has sturdy ties to the federal government and doesn’t act as an neutral entity.
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UNHCR’s final calculation in 2015 estimated there were 7,111 stateless persons or individuals of undetermined nationality in the nation. The number of stateless individuals who were also refugees was not out there. The requirement that candidates for citizenship show they aren’t citizens of one other country impeded efforts to establish the nationality of undocumented persons. According to UNHCR, nonetheless, in the past 10 years, the federal government granted citizenship to an estimated 18,000 stateless persons.